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GEORGE NICHOLAS PAPANICOLAOU PDF

George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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G eorge Nicholas Papanicolaou was the originator of the Pap test used in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Papanicolaou’s test known as a Pap smear became the most effective cancer prevention method ever devised. Papanicolaou, born in Greece, undertook his medical training at the University of Athens, where he earned his medical degree in After serving in the army, he joined his father’s nicnolas practice for awhile before pursuing a career in academic medicine.

InPapanicolaou earned a Ph. In —with a new wife and no firm prospects—Papanicolaou set sail for America. After working briefly as a salesman in a department store and playing the violin in restaurants, Papanicolaou secured a pzpanicolaou position at Cornell Medical College, where he quickly rose to the rank of instructor.

Papanicolaou’s early work studied the role of chromosomes in sex determination. During these studies Papanicolaou noted cyclical changes in various vaginal discharges from test animals that Papanicolaou linked to the ovarian and uterine cycles.

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Papanicolaou’s findings were of great benefit to the fledgling field of endocrinology.

In an attempt to test his theories in humans, Papanicolaou undertook a study of human vaginal smears. During his research Papanicolaou observed that smears from women who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer showed cellular abnormalities enlarged, deformed, or hyperchromatic nuclei.

InPapanicolaou and clinical gynecologist Herbert F. niicholas

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Papanicolaou and Papanicolsou argued that cancerous cervical lesions could be detected by observable and measurable cellular changes while the cells were still in a preinvasive phase. Accordingly, Papanicolaou’s diagnostic technique made it possible to diagnose asymptomatic patients. Moreover, such early diagnosis enabled physicians to treat patients while they were still in the earliest, and most treatable, stages of cancer.

Papanicolaou’s findings meant that cervical cancer could be detected and treated before it could metastasize to other sites. The nichollas and the Pap test proved to be a fundamental milestone in the treatment of a deadly cancer in women.

Ultimately, the Pap smear became a routine, clinical diagnostic test. The Pap smear for cervical cancer was designed as an inexpensive screening test. The idea was that the test should be repeated frequently. In countries where Pap smears are palanicolaou clinical practice, cervical cancer rates have dropped dramatically, and the screening test is credited as one of the greatest life-saving techniques in medical practice.

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Other diagnostic tests based upon Papanicolaou’s methodology exfoliated cytology, the scraping, staining, and examination of cells from the test site proved effective in screening for abnormalities in cells from other organs and systems. Papanicolaou’s colleagues often cited Papanicolaou’s strict work regimen as evidence of his meticulous dedication to science.

Despite success and acclaim, Papanicolaou continued to work at least six days a week and went years between vacations. After nearly a half-century of research at Cornell, Papanicolaou retired with his beloved wife to Florida. Even in retirement, Papanicolaou proved restless: Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou |

Retrieved December 31, nichoas Encyclopedia. Then, nocholas and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article.

Science and Its Times: George Nicholas Papanicolaou Greek-American Physician G eorge Nicholas Papanicolaou was the originator of the Pap test used in the diagnosis of cervical cancer. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Modern Language Association http: