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BIOGRAFI MUAWIYAH BIN ABU SUFYAN PDF

Genealogy for Muawiyah I bin Sakhr (Abu Sufyan), 1st Umayyad Caliph (c – ) family tree on Geni, with over million profiles of. Menceritakan tentang Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan, seorang sahabat yang luar biasa. Penulis menjelaskan segala aspek dari kehidupan Muawiyah, mulai dari. #BiografiMuawiyah ○ Rp. ,- Berat kg ○ #glh20 # MUAWIYAH BIN ABU SUFYAN Penulis: Dr. Ali Muhammad Ash-Shalabi Penerbit: Darul.

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Sakhr ibn Harb Arabic: He was sufywn staunch opponent of Muhammadthe prophet of Islamuntil later accepting Islam and becoming a warrior later in his life during the early Muslim conquests.

Sakhr’s mother, Safya, was the paternal aunt of Maymunah bint al-Harithwho married Muhammad. Abu Sufyan was the son of Harb ibn Umayyah. He was the chief of the Banu Abd-Shams clan of the Quraysh, which made him one of the most powerful in Mecca. Abu Sufyan’s brother Musab was among several Muslims who migrated to Abyssinia to escape persecution in Mecca.

After Muhammed and other Muslims had migrated to Medina inthe Quraysh confiscated the belongings they had left behind. InAbu Sufyan was the appointed leader of a large merchant caravan carrying a fortune of the Quraysh’s goods to Syria for trade.

Muawiyah I

The caravan was escorted by a force of around 40 or 50 soldiers. Muhammad had learned that the caravan was passing close to Medina en route to Syria and organized a Muslim force of men to intercept it. The Muslim contingent failed to intercept the caravan. They arrived after the caravan had already passed by Medina. Abu Sufyan had learned of the Muslims’ plan from scouts he had deployed, and in response, sent a crier to Mecca to rally the Quraysh to arms against the Muslims.

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The Muslims ended up engaging this Meccan army, a force of around men, at the plains of Badr several biograri after they had failed to intercept the caravan. This conflict, the Battle of Badrultimately resulted in a Muslim victory. The death of most Quraysh leaders in the battle not only left Abu Sufyan the leader of Mecca, but also marked the fulfillment of the Quranic prophecy sutyan surah Ar-Rum Abu Sufyan served as the military leader in the later Meccan campaigns against Medina, bbiografi the Battle of Uhud in and the Battle of the Trench inbut he could not biograafi final victory.

Eventually the two parties agreed to an armistice, the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah inwhich allowed Muslims to make the pilgrimage to the Kaaba. When the armistice was violated in by allies of the Quraish, Muhammad moved towards liberating Mecca from non-Muslim authority.

Abu Sufyan, seeing that the balance had tilted in Muhammad’s favour and that the Quraish were not strong enough to hinder the Muslims from conquering the city, travelled to Medina, trying to restore the treaty.

No agreement was reached between the two parties and Abu Sufyan returned to Mecca empty handed. These efforts ultimately ensured that the conquest occurred without battle or bloodshed.

Abu Sufyan travelled biograif and forth between Mecca and Madina, still trying to reach a settlement. After the conquest of Mecca, Biogrrafi Sufyan fought as one of Muhammad’s commanders in the subsequent wars. During the Siege of Ta’ifhe lost an eye. When Muhammed died inAbu Sufyan was in charge of Najran. Abu Sufyan also fought in the Battle of Yarmouk inin which he lost his second eye.

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He fought under the command of his son, Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan. Other children from prostitutes.

Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the son of Harith, see Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. October Learn how and when to remove this template message. Meccamodern-day Saudi Arabia. Medinamodern-day Saudi Arabia. List of expeditions of Muhammad. Archived from the original on 26 June Retrieved 25 June The Life and Biogravi of Muhammad.

An Eye Now or an Eye in Heaven? Archived from the original on February 4, Retrieved 6 October Translated by Bewley, A. The Women of Madinap. Translated by Guillaume, A. The Life of Muhammadp.

Translated bioyrafi Morony, M. The Caliphate of Mu’awiyahp. State University of New York Press.

Translated by Faizer, R. The Life of Muhammad. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on biogrqfi Novemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Sakhr ibn Harb Meccamodern-day Saudi Arabia. Chieftain of the Quraysh of Mecca. Abd Manaf ibn Qusai. Nawfal ibn Abd Manaf. Umayya ibn Abd Shams.